Facts about HIV
- HIV continues to be a major global public health issue, having claimed more than 25 million lives over the past three decades.
- There were approximately 34 [31.4-35.9] million people living with HIV in 2011.
- HIV infection is usually diagnosed through blood tests detecting the presence or absence of HIV antibodies.
- There is no cure for HIV infection. However, effective treatment with antiretroviral drugs can control the virus so that people with HIV can enjoy healthy and productive lives.
- In 2011, more than 8 million people living with HIV were receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) in low- and middle-income countries. Another 7 million people need to be enrolled in treatment to meet the target of providing ART to 15 million people by 2015.
- More than 1.1 million people in the United States are living with HIV infection, and almost 1 in 5 (18.1%) are unaware of their infection
- Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM),1 particularly young black/African American MSM, are most seriously affected by HIV.
- By race, blacks/African Americans face the most severe burden of HIV.
CDC estimates that 1,148,200 persons aged 13 years and older are living with HIV infection, including 207,600 (18.1%) who are unaware of their infection. Over the past decade, the number of people living with HIV has increased, while the annual number of new HIV infections has remained relatively stable. Still, the pace of new infections continues at far too high a level- particularly among certain groups.
HIV Incidence (new infections): The estimated incidence of HIV has remained stable overall in recent years, at about 50,000 new HIV infections per year. Within the overall estimates, however, some groups are affected more than others. MSM continue to bear the greatest burden of HIV infection, and among races/ethnicities, African Americans continue to be disproportionately affected.
HIV Diagnoses (new diagnoses, regardless of when infection occurred): In 2011, an estimated 49,273 people were diagnosed with HIV infection in the United States. In that same year, an estimated 32,052 people were diagnosed with AIDS. Since the epidemic began, an estimated 1,155,792 people in the United States have been diagnosed with AIDS.3
Deaths: An estimated 15,529 people with an AIDS diagnosis died in 2010, and approximately 636,000 people in the United States with an AIDS diagnosis have died since the epidemic began.3 The deaths of persons with an AIDS diagnosis can be due to any cause-that is, the death may or may not be related to AIDS.
- An estimated 33.4 million people worldwide were living with HIV (2008).
- Approximately 2.1 million children under 15 were living with HIV (2007).
- An estimated 2.1 million people died of AIDS-related causes (2007).
- An estimated 290,000 children under 15 died of AIDS-related causes (2007)
- India has a HIV prevalence of 0.34 per cent. Yet in terms of individuals infected, India is home to the third largest number of people living with HIV in the world.
- Nearly five per cent of infections are attributable to parent-to-child transmission.
- The epidemic disproportionately affects women, who account for 40 per cent of the total infections in the country.
- In India, the epidemic is more pronounced in urban areas than rural ones and decreases with increasing education levels.
India at a Glance
- Population: 1,259,721,000.
- Per capita income: $3,280.
- Life expectancy at birth women/men: 65/63 yrs.
- Infant mortality rate: 50/1,000 live births